Facial Trauma Surgery
Facial injuries following Road Traffic accident (RTA) require emergency care, acute treatment and long term reconstruction and rehabilitation not just for physical reasons but emotional as well.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons are trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat these Facial Trauma. Injuries to the face, by their very nature, impart a high degree of emotional, as well as physical trauma to patients. The science and art of treating these injuries requires special training involving a hands on experience and an understanding of how the treatment provided will influence the patients long term function and appearance.
Dr Manish & Dr Swathi meets and exceeds these modern standards. They are trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat facial trauma. They are associated to various reputed hospitals and delivers emergency room coverage for facial injuries, which include the following conditions:
- Facial Soft tissue lacerations
- Fractured nasal (nose) bones
- Fractured orbit (eye Socket)
- Fractured Zygoma ( cheek Bones)
- Fractured jaws (upper and lower jaw)
- Intra oral lacerations
- Avulsed (knocked out) teeth etc.
The Nature of Maxillofacial Trauma
There are a number of possible causes of facial trauma such as motor vehicle accidents, accidental falls, sports injuries, interpersonal violence and work related injuries.
Types of facial injuries can range from injuries of teeth to extremely severe injuries of the skin and bones of the face. Typically, facial injuries are classified as either soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bone injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).
Soft Tissue Injuries of the Maxillofacial Region
When soft tissue injuries such as lacerations occur on the face, they are repaired by suturing. In addition to the obvious concern of providing a repair that yields the best cosmetic result possible, care is taken to inspect for and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands and salivary ducts (or outflow channels).
Dr. Manish & Dr. Swathi are well-trained oral and maxillofacial surgeon and is proficient at diagnosing and treating all types of facial lacerations.
Bone Injuries of the Maxillofacial Region
Fractures of the bones of the face are treated in a manner similar to the fractures in other parts of the body. The specific form of treatment is determined by various factors, which include the location of the fracture, the severity of the fracture, the age and general health of the patient. When an arm or a leg is fractured, a cast is often applied to stabilize the bone to allow for proper healing. Since a cast cannot be placed on the face, other means have been developed to stabilize facial fractures.
The treatment of facial fractures should be accomplished in a thorough and predictable manner. More importantly, the patient’s facial appearance should be minimally affected. An attempt at accessing the facial bones through the fewest incisions necessary is always made. At the same time, the incisions that become necessary, are designed to be small and, whenever possible, are placed so that the resultant scar is hidden.
Trauma to the orbit
Any injury to the eye can be very devastating to the patient, at most of the occasions the bony socket of the eye bears the load and protects the globe of the eye.
This type of injury can seriously alter the volume (size) of the eye socket, movement of the eye and in some occasions it can also cause double vision.
At Manaswa, Dr Manish & Dr Swathi are exquisitely trained to do such complicated procedure and provide with the best outcome.
Trauma to the nose.
Nose plays a very important role in defining ones facial features. Many times injury to face can lead to fracture of nasal bones which may require advanced surgeries to correct them.
Injuries to the Teeth and Surrounding Dental Structures
Isolated injuries to teeth are quite common and may require the expertise of various dental specialists. Oral surgeons usually are involved in treating fractures in the supporting bone or in replanting teeth that have been displaced or knocked out.
These types of injuries are treated by one of a number of forms of splinting (stabilizing by wiring or bonding teeth together). If a tooth is knocked out, it should be placed in salt water or milk. The sooner the tooth is re-inserted into the dental socket, the better chance it will survive. Therefore, the patient should see a dentist or oral surgeon as soon as possible. Never attempt to wipe the tooth off, since remnants of the ligament that hold the tooth in the jaw are attached and are vital to the success of replanting the tooth.
Other dental specialists may be called upon such as endodontists, who may be asked to perform root canal therapy, and/or restorative dentists who may need to repair or rebuild fractured teeth. In the event that injured teeth cannot be saved or repaired, dental implants are often now utilized as replacements for missing teeth.